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                              PILONIDAL SINUS

 

What is Pilonidal sinus

Pilonidal sinus is also known as sacral pit ,tailbone abscess, pilonidal cyst. It is found at the tail bone of spine or at the gluteal cleft region .Pilonidal sinus or pilonidal cyst occur due to the hairs of the gluteal cleft region become ungrown and that nest of hairs stay beneth the skin and become infected  (pus),at the sacral region infected hair and pus collect in a cyst form which further develop the sinus tract( tiny hole) at the  tail bone, because of this infection patient complain of continuous pain and pus discharge from the sinus tract at tail bone.

pilonidal sinuspilonidal sinus

SYMPTOMS OF PILONIDAL CYST-

  • Pain aggravate during sitting
  • Swelling at the sacral region
  • Pus and blood discharge from the sinus
  • Tenderness at the sacral region
  • Multiple sinus tract at sacral region
  • Fever
  • Redness
  • Foul-smelling odor

 CAUSES OF PILONIDAL CYST-

  • Ingrown hair
  • Excessive sitting (continuous pressure at coccygeal region )
  • Toned Butts
  • Excessive sweating at gluteal region

DIAGNOSIS AND TESTS FOR PILONIDAL SINUS-

PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS-

  • To diagnose pilonidal sinus, your doctor may check your sacral region for any redness, swelling and boil.
  • Your doctor will press your tail bone and will check your pus or blood drainage from sinus track and tenderness.
  • If multiple sinus tract present at sacral region which is also the sign of pilonidal sinus.

IMAGINARY DIAGNOSIS-

  • Your doctor will also recommend you ultrasound and MRI investigation to rule out the abscess cavity of pilonidal cyst.

HOME TREATMENT FOR PILONIDAL SINUS-

Here are some home remedies for pilonidal sinus-

  • WARM COMPRESSES- A washcloth, soaked in a hot water will help the fluid and pus accumulated within the cysts to drain quickly and healing process will begin.
  • TEA TREE OIL- This oil has healing and curative powers in the form of antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties, which can keep an infection at bay.
  • APPLE CIDAR VINEGAR- It is an anti-inflammatory property helps reduce pain and inflammation. A cotton ball soaked in this vinegar and can be placed directly at infected area.
  • BLACL TEA BAGS- The tea’s anti-inflammatory nature provides relief from pain and swelling.

SURGERIES FOR PILONIDAL SINUS-

  1. LASER SURGERY- The Laser surgery treats pilonidal sinuses in the depth. The laser removes inflammable structures and sinuses under microsurgery. The removal of a pilonidal sinus with this laser-surgical technique takes approximately 30 minutes in most cases. During the entire intervention, the pilonidal sinus is monitored with a sterile ultrasound unit. The specialiy of this method is that, during this laser sinuses, no healthy tissue is damaged. Thus, the healing process is quicker, easier and painless. Generally, patient can return to his daily routine after few days.

Further, the benefits of laser surgery are as follows-

  • This innovative laser method guarantees you a gentle intervention.
  • Patient remains painless post operation.
  • Healthy tissue is not damaged.
  • Accelerated healing process.
  • Stay in hospital for few days only.
  • No scar and Wound formation.
  • Early back to work

 

  1. OPEN SURGERY– People who simply have a dimple or sinus tract that has not become infected or inflamed do not generally require any immediate treatment. However, an infected pilonidal cyst may become a pilonidal abscess that requires incision and drainage in order to improve. This procedure is generally followed in following way-
  • This procedure is done by numbing the area with a local anesthetic and making an incision with a scalpel over the infected area to open the abscess cavity.
  • The pus is drained, and any accumulated hair and debris are removed. The wound is cleaned with saline solution , packed with gauze, and covered with a bandage.
  • Unless any sign of a spreading skin infection are present, antibiotics are generally not necessary.

The wound packing will be removed by your physician, the wound will be examined, and repacking of the wound may be required if there is still purulent drainage.

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